LibEBC  1.0
C++ Library for Embedded Bitcode

Library and tool for retrieving embedded bitcode from binaries end libraries. It supports all types of objects files (Mach-O, ELF, COFF, ...) as well as Mach-O universal binaries, and static and dynamic libraries.

EBC Util

ebcutil is a stand-alone command line tool for extracting embedded bitcode.

Information about the binary is printed as well as metadata that is stored together with the bitcode files. For universal Mach-O binaries this includes linker flags and used dylibs. Objects not created by Apple LLVM contain only the command line options passed to the clang frontend.

The bitcode files are created in the current working directory. They can be processed by any tool accepting bitcode or you can use llvm-dis to convert them into human-readable LLVM assembly language.

Example of a Mach-O universal binary (fat binary):

1 $ file fat.o
2 fat.o: Mach-O universal binary with 2 architectures
3 fat.o (for architecture i386): Mach-O executable i386
4 fat.o (for architecture x86_64): Mach-O 64-bit executable x86_64
6 $ ebcutil fat.o
7 Mach-O 32-bit i386
8  File name: fat.o
9  Arch: x86
10  UUID: 16B4EDD1-4B58-35FB-849F-0CA0647D6C1C
11  Dylibs: {SDKPATH}/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib
12  Link opts: -execute -macosx_version_min 10.11.0 -e _main -executable_path build/i386.o
13  Bitcode: 2399E7B1-F4B6-4D55-916B-2EDAA799816E
14  Bitcode: B3DEAEF5-4F4C-4FF1-95F0-7B5FDD2575F8
15 Mach-O 64-bit x86-64
16  File name: fat.o
17  Arch: x86_64
18  UUID: F6323CD5-E0DD-3E99-9D4A-B36B5A8E3E36
19  Dylibs: {SDKPATH}/usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib
20  Link opts: -execute -macosx_version_min 10.11.0 -e _main -executable_path build/x86_64.o
21  Bitcode: DC97B259-9C3C-40D9-803C-8A841FB11DE3
22  Bitcode: 7CC7D4AF-8750-4370-9D65-07CEBD720286

Example of an ELF shared library:

1 $ file
2 ELF 32-bit LSB shared object, ARM, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked, not stripped
4 $ ebcutil
5 ELF32-arm-little
6  File name:
7  Arch: arm
8  UUID: 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
9  Bitcode: 565E3FBE-5B28-4428-B31B-3B3420CDA43A
10  Clang: -triple thumbv7-none-linux-android -S -fembed-bitcode=all -disable-llvm-optzns ...
11  Bitcode: C4C34416-D5A2-40BB-A85A-88380E4A1375
12  Clang: -triple thumbv7-none-linux-android -S -fembed-bitcode=all -disable-llvm-optzns ...

Apple embeds more than just bitcode in the LLVM section. Example of a Mach-O with an embedded Mach-O and embedded Xar:

1 $ file macho
2 macho: Mach-O 64-bit executable x86_64
4 $ ebcutil macho
5 Mach-O 64-bit x86-64
6  File name: ASMExample
7  Arch: x86_64
8  UUID: 0A046594-A616-3CE3-9622-FF6D031BCA93
9  Dylibs: {SDKPATH}/System/Library/Frameworks/Foundation.framework/Versions/C/Foundation ...
10  Link opts: -execute -macosx_version_min 10.12.0 -e _main -executable_path ...
11  Bitcode: 663A7A0C-1D29-4469-A68E-391BB16DD21A
12  MachO: BC282643-364A-46A5-9690-F8226DB9F7DC
13  Xar: C10CA2C2-EA04-4C71-AA17-9272DE85E0FD

You can also use ebcutil to check whether a given binary or library contains bitcode. It prints the first object encountered without bitcode and exits with a non-zero exit status.

1 $ ebcutil nobitcode.o
2 Error: No bitcode section in nobitcode.o


This project uses CMake as its build system. It has the following dependencies:

1 $ git clone && cd LibEBC
2 $ mkdir build && cd build
3 $ cmake ..
4 $ cmake --build .